WAISMANN, FRIEDRICH

WAISMANN, FRIEDRICH (1896–1959), Austrian philosopher. One of the original members of the Vienna Circle, he was born in Vienna. He was assistant of the German neopositivist philosopher Moritz Schlick at Vienna University (1929–36), and then lectured at Cambridge (1937–39). He then went to Oxford as reader in the philosophy of mathematics, and later as reader in the philosophy of science. Waismann's philosophy began as a rather orthodox version of logical positivism, but under the influence of Wittgenstein's later views changed radically, moving away from an emphasis upon formalism to a type of extreme informalism. His later work, such as the series of articles entitled "Analytic-Synthetic" (Analysis, 1949–53) and "Language Strata" (Logic and Language, 1953), attempts to relieve philosophical perplexity by contrasting the rigid caricatures of language use developed by traditional philosophers with the flexible, subtle, and fluid use of language in its everyday employment. The high point in this development is to be found in his paper "How I See Philosophy"\>\> in Contemporary British Philosophy (1956) where he contends that philosophy is "very unlike science in that in philosophy there are no proofs, no theorems and no questions that can be decided." Apart from these influential papers, Waismann's main contributions are to be found in Einfuehrung in das mathematische Denken (1936; Introduction to Mathematical Thinking, 1951), and The Principles of Linguistic Philosophy. The latter work was unfinished at Waismann's death, and was edited by R. Harre and published in 1965. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Hampshire, Friedrich Waismann 18961959 (Eng., 1960); B.F. Mc-Guiness (ed.), Wittgenstein und der Wiener Kreis von Friedrich Waismann (1967). (Avrum Stroll)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Waismann, Friedrich — (1896–1959) Austrian member of the Vienna Circle. Waismann is principally remembered for a defence of conventionalism in logic and mathematics, and for introducing the notion of ‘porosity’ or open texture into the philosophy of language. His most …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Waismann — Waismann, Friedrich …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Waismann — Friedrich Waismann (* 21. März 1896 in Wien; † 4. November 1959 in Oxford) war österreichischer Mathematiker, Physiker und Philosoph. Er war Mitglied des Wiener Kreises und Vertreter des Logischen Positivismus. Nach dem Studium der Mathematik und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Waismann — Waismann,   Friedrich, österreichischer Philosoph, * Wien 1896, ✝ Oxford 4. 11. 1959; Mitglied des Wiener Kreises; emigrierte 1937 nach Großbritannien, lehrte 1937 39 in Cambridge, dann in Oxford. Beeinflusst von M. Schlick und besonders L.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Friedrich Waismann — (March 21, 1896 November 4, 1959) was an Austrian mathematician, physicist, and philosopher. He is best known for being a member of the Vienna Circle and one of the key theorists in logical positivism.Life and workBorn in Vienna, Waismann was… …   Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Waismann — (* 21. März 1896 in Wien; † 4. November 1959 in Oxford) war österreichischer Mathematiker, Physiker und Philosoph. Er war Mitglied des Wiener Kreises und Vertreter des Logischen Positivismus. Nach dem Studium der Mathematik und Physik an der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Waismann — ( * 21 de marzo de 1896 4 de noviembre de 1959), fue un matemático, físico y filósofo austriaco. Es mayoritariamente conocido por haber sido miembro del Círculo de Viena y uno de los teóricos clave del Empirismo lógico. Nacido en Viena, Waismann… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Friedrich Waismann — (21 mars 1896 4 novembre 1959) est un mathématicien, physicien, et philosophe autrichien. Il est principalement connu comme membre du Cercle de Vienne et théoricien du positivisme logique. Portail de la philosop …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste der Philosophen — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Wiener Persönlichkeiten — Bekannte Wiener Persönlichkeiten A Carlo Abarth, in Italien lebender österreichischer Automobilrennfahrer und Tuner Emil Abel, Chemiker Othenio Abel, Paläontologe und Evolutionsbiologe Walter Abish, US amerikanischer Schriftsteller Kurt Absolon,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.